Turkey

Last Updated: June 2014

Hague Adoption Convention Country?

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Hague Convention Information

Turkey is party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption(Hague Adoption Convention).  Intercountry adoption processing in Hague countries is done in accordance with the requirements of the Convention; the U.S. implementing legislation, the Intercountry Adoption Act of 2000 (IAA); and the IAA’s implementing regulations; as well as the implementing legislation and regulations of Turkey.

Adoptions from Turkey by foreign nationals are rare.  Turkey gives priority to Turkish residents.  Children available for intercountry adoption are generally older and special needs children.  Prospective adoptive parents, including Turkish-U.S. citizen dual nationals, Turkish relatives in the United States, and U.S. citizens living in Turkey, should contact Turkey’s Adoption Authority, listed below, for applicable laws and procedures. 

Note:  Turkish law requires prospective adoptive parents to spend a year caring for and bonding with the child in Turkey prior to finalizing the adoption.  Although Turkish law allows for a child to leave Turkey during the one-year bonding period,the prospective adoptive family is not granted legal custody during this period.  Since Turkey does not provide grants of custody during this bonding period, prospective adoptive parents are expected to remain in Turkey until the bonding period is over and the adoption is finalized. 

The recommended first step in adopting a child from Turkey is to select an adoption service provider in the United States that has been accredited or approved to provide services to U.S. citizens in Convention cases.  Only accredited or approved adoption services providers may act as the primary provider in your case.  The primary adoption service provider is responsible for ensuring that all adoption services in the case are done in accordance with The Hague Adoption Convention and U.S. laws and regulations.  Learn more about Agency Accreditation

Please visit the Department’s Country Specific Information for more information on travelling to Turkey, and visit U.S. Embassy Ankara’s website for information on consular services.

WARNING:  Do not attempt to adopt or obtain custody of a child in Turkey before a U.S. consular officer issues the Article 5 Letter in any adoption case.  If you bypass the Hague adoption process you are required to spend two years with the child in Turkey before the child qualifies for an IR-2 Immigrant Visa.  The Consular Officer will send the letter to Turkey’s Central Authority in any intercountry adoption involving U.S. citizen parents and a child from Turkey where all Convention requirements are met and the consular officer determines that the child appears eligible to immigrate to the United States.  This letter will inform Turkey’s Central Authority that the parents are eligible and suited to adopt, that all indications are that the child may enter and reside permanently in the United States, and that the U.S. Central Authority agrees that the adoption may proceed.

Remember:  The Consular Officer will make a final decision about a child’s eligibility for an immigrant visa later in the adoption process.

Turkey’s Adoption Authority:

Ministry of Family and Social Policies
General Directorate of Children’s Services
Eskişehir Yolu Söğütözü Mah.
2177 Sokak No:10/A Kat.10.11.12.13
Çankaya, Ankara 06510
Turkey

Phone: 90-312-705-5000
www.cocukhizmetleri.gov.tr